We develop and evaluate a new measure of accounting reporting complexity (ARC) that is based on the count of
accounting items disclosed in eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) filings. ARC is based on the idea that the preparation and audit
complexity of the financial reports increases with the number of disclosed accounting concepts (XBRL tags) because of the need to collect, categorize, store, analyze, and understand more information,
which requires broader and more in-depth knowledge of authoritative accounting standards. ARC is associated with lower financial reporting
quality and with poor analysts' performance. Data includes filings through June 30, 2021.
Relevant papers that use ARC:
If you decide to use the data, please consider citing one of the following papers. These papers develop, validate, and/or use
Hoitash, R.,and Hoitash, U. Measuring Accounting Reporting Complexity with XBRL.
The Accounting Review, January 2018, Vol. 93, No. 1, pp. 259-287.
Can Sell-Side Analysts’ Experience, Expertise and Qualifications Help Mitigate the Adverse
Effects of Accounting Reporting Complexity. Review of Quantitative
Finance and Accounting. Forthcoming.
Below we provide links to data that includes ARC and several related measures (We now include quarterly data):